Welcome to CENFACS’ Online Diary!
28 October 2020
Post No. 167
The Week’s Contents
• FACS, Issue No. 69, Autumn 2020: Post-Coronavirus Poverty Reduction Restructuring
• “A la une” Campaign, Note No. 3 – In Focus for Week Beginning 26/10/2020: Restoration of Marine Ecosystems
• Happening this Week: Making Memorable Difference Project, In Focus: African Sculpture and Representation of Historical Figures of the pre-1960s Era
… and much more!
• FACS, Issue No. 69, Autumn 2020: Post-Coronavirus Poverty Reduction Restructuring
The 69th Issue of FACS, CENFACS’ bilingual newsletter, is about the Post-Coronavirus Poverty Reduction Restructuring. It deals with the changes that may need to be carried out in the components of poverty reduction systems or structures in the post-coronavirus time.
The key message in this Issue is that it is possible to reorganise the elements contributing in alleviating the state of people having little or no money or no material possessions in the light of the current health and economic threats brought by the coronavirus. This re-organisation can be done during and even after the fight against the coronavirus pandemic.
An abstract regarding this Issue was already released at the beginning of this Autumn. Under the Main Development section of this post, we have provided key summaries making this Issue.
• “A la une” (Autumn Leaves of Action for the Upkeep of the Nature in Existence) Campaign, Note No. 3 –
In Focus for Week Beginning 26/10/2020: Restoration of Marine Ecosystems
Our third note of the “A la une” campaign for this year is on Marine Ecosystems. Marine ecosystems are constitutive elements of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 14, which is Life below water.
Marine ecosystem is defined in the Oxford Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (1) as
“A saltwater aquatic ecosystem that includes estuaries and coastal areas, along with the open sea and oceans”
Due to extreme weather events and human behaviour, marine ecosystem infrastructures can be damaged or altered. Where damages and alterations become a serious issue for the upkeep of the nature, then action needs to be taken in the interest of nature’s heath and balance as well as for the benefits of all living beings including humans.
Our campaign on the restoration of marine ecosystems is revolving around three areas which are: restorations of open oceans, of deep-sea oceans and of coastal marine ecosystems.
The campaign is about restoring degraded marine ecosystems and of marine habitats, the stopping of illegal fishing, etc. In this respect, some marine ecosystem restoration projects (e.g. projects in Southern Africa) are being looked at in our action.
This is the pitch for the third note. For those who want to take action with us and or share actions on the restoration of marine ecosystems, they can contact CENFACS.
• Happening this Week: Making Memorable Difference Project
In Focus: African Sculpture and Representation of Historical Figures of the pre-1960s Era
The 12th Event of Making Memorable Difference Project is in progress as scheduled. It is a celebration of African Abilities, Talents, Skills and Gifts to Africa and the world.
For those who want to make contribution to our Virtual Two Days of African History, they are welcome to do so. They can contribute to the understanding of African Sculptures and or to the Legacies and Gifts in terms of the Representation of Historical Figures of the Pre-independence Era (that is, before the 1960s).
To engage with this year’s Making Memorable Difference theme and or support this project, please contact CENFACS on this site.
• Crossing the Monetary Threshold of US $1.90 a Day
How to end extreme poverty in the post-coronavirus era
At the beginning of October 2020 (see post of 07 October 2020), we tried to have some look and feeling from those who crossed the line of extreme poverty for the first time in going into more poverty. We did it as an element of the Goal 2 of CENFACS 2020s Development Agenda and Poverty Reduction Programme.
This week, we are building on this activity about the line of extreme poverty (still in the context of the same Goal 2) since the coronavirus pandemic and subsequent lockdowns have continued to push many people and families to the edge or to cross the line of extreme poverty. They have added health and personal hygiene costs to their normal expenses budget. In doing so, these events have perhaps created new poor and or are holding the existing poor still poor.
Despite that there are people and families (even if they are few) who have managed to come out of deep poverty by crossing the monetary threshold of US $1.90 a day. Although many economists would argue that crossing the monetary threshold of US $1.90 a day is not enough to end poverty; we would like to hear from those who have crossed the international poverty line of US $1.90 a day if extreme poverty has ended for them or not.
If you did cross the monetary threshold of US $1.90 a day in the direction of going out of extreme poverty, we would like to hear your experience of crossing this threshold.
To share your experience of crossing the international poverty line, please contact CENFACS.
• Art and Design for Poverty Relief and Sustainable Development
As part of Art and Design Project for poverty relief and sustainable development, we are asking supporters to illustrate their ideas of Africa’s Sculpture into artwork. You can post your artwork related to African Sculpture and Representation of Historical Figures of the Pre-1960s to CENFACS to share and make memorable difference in your own way.
• Micro-Volunteer doing Smart Tasks with Smart Tools for Smart Relief
We have started to use micro-volunteering by doing smart tasks with smart tools and techs (such as smart phones, tablets, development of gadgets, tech fixes, etc.) to re-engage with our supporters.
Smart tasks are specific, measurable, achievable, realistic and time-bound tasks and activities to generate and increase support towards our good and deserving causes.
These tasks briefly include the following: prospecting potential supporters, running questionnaires, recruiting new supporters, engaging with supporters, sending and receiving messages from supporter, following the leads, etc.
By doing smart tasks with smart tools, one can achieve smart relief, that is a sustainable life support and saver that one can electronically (online technology-based) provide to help people to come out poverty and hardships, especially at this exceptionally difficult time of the coronavirus pandemic.
To enable us to continue our work, we are asking to those who can, both individuals and organisations, to support us with smart tools to enhance our micro-voluntary work.
To support CENFACS with Smart Tools and techs to Micro Volunteer doing Smart tasks to achieve Smart relief, please contact CENFACS.
• FACS, Issue No. 69, Autumn 2020: Post-Coronavirus Poverty Reduction Restructuring
The contents and key summaries of the 69th Issue of FACS, which is the sole development of this post, are given below.
• • Contents
- Understanding the idea of “Post-coronavirus” (Page 2)
- Post-coronavirus Restructuring Models: Example the Neo-Schumpeterian Theories (Page 2)
- Needs Assessment for Post-coronavirus Poverty Reduction Restructuring (Page 3)
- The Post-coronavirus Sustainable Development (Page 3)
- The Place and Role of Africa-based Sister Organisations in the Post-coronavirus Poverty Reduction Restructuring World (Page 4)
- Africa-based Sister Organisations’ Post-coronavirus Poverty Reduction Restructuring Work (Page 4)
- Les organisations africaines face aux mutations structurelles et relationnelles des systèmes de réduction de la pauvreté dans la période du post-COVID-19 (Page 5)
- Le financement des dépenses de restructuration pour les organisations africaines (Page 5)
- Le numérique au service de réduction de la pauvreté en Afrique dans le cadre de restructuration des organisations africaines (Page 6)
- Comment peut-on prolonger l’économie essentielle et l’économie de la santé dans le monde du post-COVID-19 restructuré? (Page 6)
- Restructuring Poverty Reduction in the Post-coronavirus World (Page 7)
- How Africa-based Organisations can continue to meet climate needs of project beneficiaries in a post-coronavirus poverty restructuring environment (Page 7)
- Post-coronavirus Restructuring Survey (Page 8)
- Restructuring of Poverty Reduction and History Month (Page 8)
- FACS Question of the Month (Page 8)
- Selected Poverty Data about Sub-Saharan Africa (Page 8)
- FACS Testimonies and Reviews (Page 8)
- The Future of the Essential Economy in the Post-coronavirus Poverty Reduction Restructuring World (Page 9)
- Meeting the Needs of Poor People in the Post-coronavirus Poverty Reduction Restructuring and Post-exited Economy (Page 9)
- Post-coronavirus Poverty Reduction Restructuring Projects (Page 10)
• • Key Summaries
Understanding the idea of “Post-coronavirus” (Page 2)
The coronavirus pandemic is there and continues to claim its economic and health victims across the world. When we talk about post-coronavirus, we just mean that the idea of coronavirus is in general mind set and is no longer a new phenomenon.
Because this idea of coronavirus is already settled in humans’ minds, humans can intellectually and mentally move on from it and start to think about life after it or sequence of events. One has already travelled in their minds. In that travel or trajectory, one is now beginning to think about the next sequence and the work/life to be carried out/on knowing the coronavirus is there.
So, the idea of post-coronavirus should be understood as a state of mind in which the coronavirus is no longer a strange idea. This is despite the fact that there is a lot of epidemiological work that needs to be done to understand the coronavirus as a virus and to discover a medicine and vaccine. Nonetheless, the idea of a virus is in people’s minds, including its life-threatening and –destroying impacts. They can now move on to the post-coronavirus area while continue to fight the coronavirus pandemic and its devastating effects.
Post-coronavirus Restructuring Models: Example the Neo-Schumpeterian Theories (Page 2)
Given what happened so far in terms of health and economic impacts of the coronavirus pandemic, there are questions about the model or framework of analysis on the changes in the constituent parts of any economy (national, local, international, household, organisation, community levels, etc.). If one needs to make strides in terms of poverty reduction, they cannot ignore the coronavirus pandemic or the current health crisis. If they want to bring any useful contribution to their work of poverty reduction or change lives in need to better ones, they need to have a theory or theoretical representation of what they are going to do to serve as a guide in the construction of the changes. With their theory or framework of analysis, they can explain how they are going to harness the new changes that are badly needed to continue to improve on poverty reduction.
There are many theories of restructuring which include: flexible specialisation, neo-Schumpeterian perspective, regulation theory, etc. In the context of the current Issue of FACS, the neo-Schumpeterian conceptual approach could be one of them to use in order to tackle the post-coronavirus restructuring poverty reduction and development. By referencing to this approach, it can help to recognize new knowledge and innovations as key driving forces of poverty reduction as well as of economic and sustainable developments. Neo-Schumpeterian theories could help to justify the importance of holding innovative restructuring of the economy and poverty reduction.
By using this approach, one can develop guiding principles with hypotheses or premises and relations, etc. In this exercise, there could be many restructuring models as long as they can provide the basis for explaining the kinds of changes they are up to. Their representation of the changes they can bring will be clarified by their restructuring process; meaning that one can upgrade in the improvement of poverty reduction processes towards a more sustainably viable model of poverty reduction.
On can hope that the above will be enough to introduce economic theories that may be used in this Issue and understand the issues discussed in this Issue. However, for further details about post-coronavirus restructuring models or theories or frameworks of analysis, please do not hesitate to contact CENFACS.
Needs Assessment for Post-coronavirus Poverty Reduction Restructuring (Page 3)
In order to undertake post-coronavirus restructuring, one may need to carry out a needs assessment. In carrying out it, a distinction can be done between short term disturbance and long term one. Depending on whether the disturbance is short term or long term, transitory changes or permanent changes may be initiated.
Since studies on the coronavirus pandemic continue, it is difficult at this point to determine if it is transitory disturbance. However, to be on safe side it could be a good idea to undertake structural changes or adjustments in order to be prepared and avoid future similar health crisis. In this respect, there could be a need for technological innovations to drive post-coronavirus poverty reduction restructuring or structural changes.
In terms of poverty reduction and poor people, in order to have restructuring that really benefits the poor it has to contain a long term vision. Because there could be differences in the geographical aspects of restructuring; it could be wise to argue that the effects and benefits of post-coronavirus poverty reduction restructuring could different or uneven.
Regardless of this unevenness or difference, a needs assessment for post-coronavirus poverty reduction restructuring needs to be conducted.
If anyone wants to carry out or is conducting this sort of needs assessment or analysis, it will be a good idea to share their findings with CENFACS.
The Post-coronavirus Sustainable Development (Page 3)
In the Brundtland Report (2) written under the auspices of the World Commission on Environment and Development, sustainable development is defined as
“a development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs”.
From the above definition, it is possible to argue that if one wants to seriously consider sustainable development in the Age of the coronavirus and post-coronavirus restructuring, they may need to take into account that part of the sustainable development, including the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals; that deals with health, particularly sanitation. They may need to make some changes in the constituent parts of sustainable development so that the protection and the quality of human health together with those of other living beings and the environment are preserved.
Briefly speaking, sustainable development and its components can be reorganised in the light of the COVID-19 on-going crisis so that the needs of the generations to come are not undermined.
The Place and Role of Africa-based Sister Organisations in the Post-coronavirus Poverty Reduction Restructuring World (Page 4)
Africa-based Sister Organisations (ASOs) have a place and role to play in the changes of the constituent parts of the post-coronavirus poverty reduction and sustainable development landscapes.
As organisations working with people on the ground, they have the following features:
√ They are the closest entities to local people and local needs
√ They have experience and history of dealing with people searching for poverty reduction solutions via essential economy and health economics
√ They have expertise, legacy and local knowledge in matter of poverty reduction with local poor
√ They are the legitimate representative of their communities and or places in need in Africa
√ They are the reliable and appointed channels of transmission or linking organisations between CENFACS and end-users of our programmes and projects in Africa
√ They are countable piece in the value chains development of poverty reduction in Africa
√ They are the ones closely working with coronavirus-induced poor to help them survive the COVID-19 shock waves and come out poverty and economic hardships
For instance, they are helping coronavirus-induced poor and vulnerable people to access health facilities, safe drinking water, sanitation, income, food, security, distance learning resources and education, information about the coronavirus protection measures, especially in places where there has been little or no financial bailout at all for the poorest.
Because of the above work and attributes of ASOs, any changes in the makeup of poverty reduction systems need to be done by including ASOs. They and those in need being part of this restructuring process will make the process owns by its beneficiaries.
For any queries or enquiries about the place and role of ASOs in the restructuring process, please do not hesitate to contact CENFACS.
Africa-based Sister Organisations’ Post-coronavirus Poverty Reduction Restructuring Work (Page 4)
The distinction between essential and non-essential activities, between healthy and unhealthy ones cannot leave ASOs silent. These divisions should lead to some thoughts about the re-organisation of the components of their activities so that they can restructure, externalise, delocalise and re-localise them. In re-organising their activities in this way, they can improve on the work of poverty reduction and sustainable development.
In the light of the experience we have so far with the coronavirus pandemic, this re-organisation or restructuring could be self-explanatory if these organisations would like to stay on top of the poverty-relieving game. They have the potentials or capabilities for favourable re-organisation of their activities and systems of poverty reduction in different and improving way; a way that could make essential activities and health economics for the relief of poverty a driving force within the development sector.
The kind of restructuring we are talking here is slightly different from business restructuring since it is centred round the value of poverty relief and sustainable development rather than profit making or maximisation.
For any further thoughts or enquiries about ASOs’ Post-coronavirus Poverty Reduction Restructuring Work, please contact CENFACS.
Les organisations africaines face aux mutations structurelles et relationnelles des systèmes de réduction de la pauvreté dans la période de post-COVID-19 (Page 5)
D’aucuns disent que le coronavirus a exposé les faiblesses des économies et systèmes sanitaires un peu partout, y compris en Afrique. Des faiblesses qui sont tant structurelles que relationnelles, mais aussi de positionnement sur des marchés internationaux et africains. Ces faiblesses sont en plus celles de technologies et de ressources financières. Des faiblesses qui se traduisent surtout par le financement des besoins locaux par le biais de l’aide internationale et d’envois d’argent par la diaspora africaine, pour n’en citer que ces deux méthodes de financement parmi tant d’autres.
Devant ces faiblesses, il y a lieu de faire des ajustements nécessaires sinon indispensables en terme de mutations. Car, il faut aller au-delà des aspects conjoncturels pour amorcer des vraies transformations ou restructurations des systèmes de réduction de la pauvreté en Afrique tant sur le plan structurel que relationnel. Les organisations africaines du secteur associatif ne sont pas épargnées de ces mutations si elles ne veulent pas rester derrière dans la course contre la précarité et la pauvreté extrême en Afrique. Cela veut dire, elles doivent penser sur les modalités de reorganiser ou restructurer les pans entiers ou partiels de leurs systèmes de réduction de la pauvreté et de la précarité en Afrique. Elles peuvent se décider si elles doivent définir une nouvelle structure, une nouvelle organisation leur permettant de continuer à remplir les besoins de leurs usagers tout en restant performantes face à la nouvelle donne économique and sanitaire qu’est la pandémie du coronavirus.
Grosso modo, la crise de la pandémie du coronavirus a sonné une nouvelle alarme pour nos partenaires africains pour qu’ils commencent à envisager un autre modèle de réduction de la pauvreté qui s’adaptera aux exigences du moment, celles de la période de post-COVID-19.
Le financement des dépenses de restructuration pour les organisations africaines (Page 5)
Tout processus de restructuration ou réorganisation des activités et services demande des moyens tant physiques (ou matériels) que financiers ou autres (administratifs, technologiques, humains, évaluatifs, etc.) pour sa réussite.
Dans le cadre de la restructuration post-coronavirus, il y a lieu d’élaborer un plan de financement avec nos partenaires africains; un plan qui contiendra aussi bien les sources de financement que les modalités du financement sans oublier le contrôle, le suivi et l’évaluation de ce plan de financement. Des responsabilités financières seront établies en amont comme an aval.
Pour s’y atteler, notre service-conseils sur le plan international sera un outil adéquat qui travaillera la main dans la main en accord avec nos organisations soeurs africaines pour qu’ensemble nous déterminions le niveau de financement requis et les modalités de gestion de ce financement à travers une politique de financement transparente et responsable. Cela permettra de mieux assurer l’exécution des plans financiers individuels de chaque organisation qui s’embarquera sur la restructuration post-coronavirus.
Pour des organisations qui seront intéressées à notre service-conseils en matière financière dans le cadre de restructuration post-coronavirus, s’il vous plaît n’hésitez pas de contacter le CENFACS.
Le numérique au service de réduction de la pauvreté en Afrique dans le processus de restructuration des organisations africaines (Page 6)
Le processus de restructuration repose sur des nouvelles connaissances et technologies du moins si on se référe à la théorie néo-schumpeterienne. Puisqu’on est à l’ère de percée fulgurante des technologies du numérique et en ligne, on peut y recourir pour continuer de réaliser des résultats sur la réduction de la pauvreté. Ces technologies en ligne (par exemple, les appels sur vidéo) ont d’ailleurs fait leur preuve pendant des périodes de confinement contre le COVID-19. Elles ont permis d’atteindre ceux qui souffrent et travailler ensemble avec eux pour qu’ils sortent du gouffre de la pauvreté.
Pendant la période d’après COVID-19, il y a une grande probabilité qu’on continuera de recourir à ces technologies, à celles du numérique. Des organisations qui s’efforceront pour investir dans le numérique auront plus de chances d’augmenter, pas seulement le niveau et le taux de leurs activités, mais aussi la qualité de leurs services. Ce qui leur permettra de survivre et vivre tout en suivant de plus près les transformations des besoins de leurs usagers.
Pour terminer, disons que le numérique continuera d’assurer sa place dans la réduction de la pauvreté en Afrique dans le processus de restructuration des organisations africaines. C’est aux organisations africaines de continuer à avoir le contrôle sur le numérique si elles veulent continuer à avoir la main sur leurs services de réduction de la pauvreté après la pandémie du coronavirus.
Comment peut-on prolonger l’économie essentielle et l’économie de la santé dans le monde du post-COVID-19 restructuré? (Page 6)
L’économie essentielle et celle de la santé ont fait leur preuve pendant la crise du coronavirus. L’économie essentielle a permis de découvrir, du moins pour le commun des mortels, cette partie de l’économie qui n’est pas essentielle pour résoudre le problème de réduction de la pauvreté en terme de revenu, d’emploi, de consommation, d’éducation, de salubrité, du logement, d’information, ainsi de suite.
De même, l’économie de la santé a révélé la démarche économique que ceux qui sont pauvres peuvent faire afin de réaliser une allocation des moyens et ressources limités et rares entre les besoins illimités pour maximiser leur utilité. Dans cette recherche de l’utilité maximale, elle a démontré que les pauvres ne maximisent pas la leur en matière de santé durant la crise sanitaire du coronavirus et même avant cette crise.
Ces révélations qui vont de soi et qui ne demandent pas des chiffres pour le prouver nous poussent à penser sur la manière de prolonger ces deux économies dans un monde du post-COVID-19 restructuré et restructurant. Il y a donc lieu de faire en sorte que ces économies deviennent des vraies économies de résolution et de réduction de la pauvreté et précarité. Cela veut dire qu’elles ne doivent pas être aperçues comme des économies circonstancielles ou accidentelles, mais plutôt comme des véritables économies sur lesquelles on peut compter pour résoudre l’épineux problème de la pauvreté qui a sévi l’Afrique depuis plusieurs années. Néanmoins, le prolongement de ces économies dépendra de la manière dont on sortira de ce maux qu’est le coronavirus; c’est-à-dire si on sort par le haut ou par le bas de cette crise sanitaire.
Pour ceux ou celles qui veulent en savoir plus sur cette question du prolongement de l’économie essentielle et de celle de la santé, s’il vous plaît n’hésitez pas de contacter le CENFACS.
Restructuring Poverty Reduction in the Post-coronavirus World (Page 7)
Poverty reduction has always changed depending on the circumstances, conditions and events of the time. When there is a health and economic shock of the magnitude like of the coronavirus, poverty reduction cannot remain the same. Poverty reduction work can be restructured to deal with the kind of the crisis of the time.
However, there could be need of evidence on the causes of any restructuring. In the context of the coronavirus, there have been far-reaching consequences like the following: jobs destruction, mass redundancies, high levels of financial bailouts with furlough schemes, disappearance of many informal jobs on which many poor people depend upon, high upsurge of the levels of poverty and hardships, soaring indebtedness, local and national lockdowns, closed economies, etc. Additionally, market economy has been pushed away by state economic intervention to save the economy and health systems. In this kind of context, the work of poverty reduction cannot be the same as in the pre-coronavirus time.
So, poverty reduction may need to be reorganised in order to better deal with the impoverishing impacts and legacies of this kind of mega crisis like the coronavirus. It needs to be re-contextualised and re-conceptualised to save lives and economies as we are in a completely new situation.
At CENFACS, we are working on these re-contextualisation and re-conceptualisation of poverty reduction. If anybody is doing similar work, this is the time to exchange ideas about it.
How Africa-based Organisations can continue to meet climate needs of project beneficiaries in a post-coronavirus poverty restructuring environment (Page 7)
The needs to adapt and mitigate the adverse impacts of climate change will continue to exist within the framework of post-coronavirus poverty reduction restructuring. For this framework to have any useful meaning, poor people’s climate needs must be considered.
Poverty-relieving organisations like Africa-based Sister Organisations (ASOs) may have to tirelessly work with their users so that the requirements of limiting rising global temperature within the context of the Paris Climate Treaty are respected in any post-coronavirus poverty reduction restructuring proposals or projects. It means that post-coronavirus poverty reduction restructuring needs to be carbon free or zero. Likewise, ASOs would consider the climate needs of their users in adapting and mitigating adverse impacts of climate change in the post-coronavirus poverty reduction restructuring landscape.
By taking into account the needs to adapt and mitigate the adversity of climate change and other linked elements to the Paris Climate Treaty; ASOs would be in a position to match the climate needs of their project beneficiaries in a post-coronavirus poverty reduction restructuring world.
Those who are interested in finding more about how ASOs can meet climate needs in the restructuring era, they are welcome to talk to CENFACS.
Post-coronavirus Restructuring Survey (Page 8)
We are conducting a survey about “HOW POST-CORONAVIRUS RECONSTRUCTING WILL AFFECT MY ORGANISATION” in the context of Post-coronavirus Poverty Reduction Restructuring. As part of this survey, there is a questionnaire that we are running which can be accessed on request.
For those who willing to take part in our survey and complete the questionnaire, CENFACS will contact them.
Restructuring of Poverty Reduction and History Month (Page 8)
As a portion of October history month, we can look back on some of the historical elements that can help us to understand what past restructurings in Africa can teach us in order to carry out today’s and tomorrow’s restructurings. This exercise of looking back is within the framework of FACS newsletter and an add-up to the two days of Make Memorable Difference Project which is on African Sculpture and Representation of Historical Figures of the Era before the 1960s.
Those who are interested in looking back history of restructurings in Africa, they can contact CENFACS.
FACS Question of the Month (Page 8)
Restructuring: Do you agree to the changes in the constituent parts of your economy while the fight against the coronavirus pandemic is on?
Selected Poverty Data about Sub-Saharan Africa (Page 8)
We have selected the following data about extreme poverty from the World Bank for the readers of FACS.
According to the World Bank (3),
“Today, COVID-19 and the economic crisis are already reversing hard-won gains against global poverty, ending more than two decades of continuous progress”
“Sub-Saharan Africa would be the next most affected region after South Asia, with between 26 million and 40 million additional people predicted to be pushed into extreme poverty” (p. 5)
Poverty here is defined as living on less than US $1.90 a day or measured as the international poverty line of US $1.90 a day.
Although the above is a single figure/information, it could however help to generate more thoughts about the needs of post-coronavirus poverty reduction restructuring.
For those who would like to argue more about extreme poverty data, they can let CENFACS know.
FACS Testimonies and Reviews (Page 8)
It will be a good idea for those who will provide their views as testimony or review to stick to the topic of Post-coronavirus Poverty Reduction Restructuring. In proceeding in this way, they will effectively contribute in getting better the impact of the current Issue amongst our audience and the public by enlarge.
To provide your testimony or review, just contact CENFACS with your views.
The Future of the Essential Economy in the Post-coronavirus Poverty Reduction Restructuring World (Page 9)
As we argued it in the 68th Issue of FACS, the essential economy is the absolutely necessary and careful management of available and scarce resources that can help to solve the basic economic problem of poverty and hardships. It is indeed a revived economic paradigm which is deep-rooted in a sustainable vision of development and which deals with the problem of scarce resources to be allocated to unlimited wants via essentialist approach.
In order for the post-coronavirus poverty reduction restructuring finds its expression amongst its users, essential economy may need to be perceived and practised as the economy of everyday life and of the future life. It should not be seen as a circumstantial or exceptional case used during the coronavirus crisis and be abandoned after the crisis.
Essential economy has to be given the place and weight it deserves in the fight against poverty and in the enhancement of sustainable development. In this respect, the post-coronavirus poverty reduction restructuring should prolong and render essential economy as an economy for all lives, all times and all generations including the generations to come.
For further details about essential economy, please read CENFACS’ 68th Issue of FACS Newsletter.
Meeting the Needs of Poor People in the Post-coronavirus Poverty Reduction Restructuring and Post-exited Economy (Page 9)
No one knows the shape that post-exited economy will take as the UK has left the EU regional economic integration model. Likewise, no one has the idea about the framework of the incoming post-coronavirus poverty restructuring landscape.
However, what is sure is that the needs of poor people have to be met within the two contexts. Meeting those needs would require post-restructuring and post-exiting environments and projects that really care and protect the interests of the poor and vulnerable people. Any projects and programmes that will move away from this reality will have less scope for achieving poverty reduction goals.
The coronavirus and exiting economy have posed enormous challenges in the realisation of poverty reduction goals. Those challenges are even unbearable for those who do not have any savings, assets and other collaterals in order to cover themselves from the crippling effects of these events.
One can hope that projects, programmes and policies as well as their practices will be on the side of those who always get left behind and told to stay away. One can also expect that the post-restructuring and post-exiting times to be the ones that will genuinely addressed poverty and vulnerability.
To further discuss ways of meeting poor people’s needs in the post-coronavirus and post-exited economy eras, please do not hesitate to contact CENFACS.
Post-coronavirus Poverty Reduction Restructuring Projects (Page 10)
Post-coronavirus Poverty Reduction Restructuring Projects (PCPRRPs) aim at reducing poverty and hardships via income generation and opportunities creation activities during the post-coronavirus poverty reduction restructuring time in Africa. After developing a Coronavirus-related Organisational Relief Programme and a Coronavirus Rehabilitation Programme for African Organisations, we are now working on setting up PCPRRPs as a means to help African organisations and their locals to start building back better.
For further details (proposals) about these projects and to support, please contact CENFACS.
For a paper copy of the 69th of FACS, please contact CENFACS.
(1) Chris Park (2011), Oxford Dictionary of Environment and Conservation, Oxford & New York
(2) Brundtland et al. (1987), Our Common Future, World Commission on Environment and Development (The Brundtland Report), Oxford University Press, London
(3) International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/the World Bank (2020), Poverty and Shared Prosperity 2020: Reversals of Fortune, Washington, D.C.
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